Machines to 『do half of all work tasks by 2025』 世界經濟論壇預測到2025年半數工作將由機器完成

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世界經濟論壇( World Economic Forum )的一份報告預測,到 2025 年,全球一半的工作任務將由機器完成,這一轉變很可能會加劇不平等。世界經濟論壇智囊團表示,一場 「機器人革命」 將在全球創造 9700 萬個就業機會,但同時幾乎也會摧毀同樣多的就業機會,使一些社區群體面臨失業風險。

The World Economic Forum’s report has some striking findings, both on how we will work in the future, and on how technology will affect the numbers and types of jobs available.

這份世界經濟論壇報告得出了一些驚人的發現,既涉及我們未來的工作方式,也涉及技術將如何影響就業數量和類型。

It also found evidence that these changes are likely to be more rapid because of the pandemic. Globally, it predicts that machines will displace 85 million jobs by 2025, but more new roles – 97 million – are likely to emerge.

報告中還發現有證據表明,由於受新冠肺炎疫情的影響,這些變化可能會更加迅速。報告預測,到2025年,全球範圍內,機器將取代8500萬個工作崗位,但同時可能會出現9700萬個新崗位。

But in the present, the report says millions of workers have already experienced profound changes which have hit disadvantaged people with greater ferocity. In two months, the pandemic destroyed more jobs than the financial crisis did in two years.

但報告稱,目前數百萬勞動者已經經歷了極大的工作變化,這些變化對弱勢群體的打擊更兇猛。新冠肺炎疫情在兩個月內摧毀的就業機會比經濟危機在兩年內摧毀的就業機會還要多。

The report says there will be opportunities in what it describes as 『new professions』. These are not confined to technology. Several reflect what it calls the 『continuing importance of human interaction』, such as care, marketing, and culture.

該報告稱,所謂的新職業將帶來就業機會。這些就業機會並不侷限於技術領域。其中一些新職業反映了人類之間相互交流的持續重要性,如護理、營銷和文化領域的工作。

詞彙表

striking 驚人的,引人注目的
rapid 迅速的
pandemic 全球性流行病
displace 取代,代替
emerge 出現
disadvantaged 處於劣勢的
ferocity 殘酷,猛烈
professions 職業
confined to 侷限於
interaction 互動,交流

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. True or false? The World Economic Forum’s report predicts that while machines will complete many jobs by 2025, new roles are likely to emerge.

2. According to the report, why are the changes to work likely to be more rapid?

3. What group of people have experienced the most drastic changes to their jobs, according to the report?

4. According to the text, what are some of the new professions that 『reflect the continuing importance of human interaction’?

答案

1. True or false? The World Economic Forum’s report predicts that while machines will complete many jobs by 2025, new roles are likely to emerge.
True. The report predicts that, globally, machines will displace 85 million jobs by 2025, but more new roles – 97 million – are likely to emerge.

2. According to the report, why are the changes to work likely to be more rapid?
They are likely to be more rapid because of the pandemic.

3. What group of people have experienced the most drastic changes to their jobs, according to the report?
Disadvantaged people.

4. According to the text, what are some of the new professions that 『reflect the continuing importance of human interaction’?
Examples of these new professions are care, marketing, and culture.