‘One-stop shops’ set to speed up cancer diagnosis 英國設立“一站式”體檢中心 加快癌症診斷速度

A ‘step change’ in cancer diagnosis

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英國國家醫療服務體系(NHS)在英格蘭各地引進多個旨在加快癌症診斷速度的“一站式體檢服務中心”。這一舉措的目的是更早查出疾病並防止患者因症狀不同而被轉去接受不同類型的化驗檢查,耽誤病情。英國國家醫療服務體系表示,這個“一步變化”將會改變疑似癌症患者的診斷及治療方式。這類快速的診斷和癌症將救助癌症患者的生命。

文字稿

While cancer survival rates have improved dramatically, patients who aren’t displaying very obvious signs of the illness sometimes struggle to access quickly the help they need.

Those with vague, non-specific symptoms, such as unexplained weight loss or abdominal pain, can be referred several times for different tests for different cancers.

So NHS England is now adopting an approach first developed in Denmark by introducing ten specialist rapid diagnostic and assessment centres. The aim is that every patient is either diagnosed or given the all-clear within 28 days.

英國的癌症存活率近年來已有了極大的提高。未表現出明顯癌症症狀的患者有時很難快速得到他們所需要的幫助。

有模糊或非特定性症狀的病人,包括原因不明的消瘦、腹痛,可能會被全科醫生轉診去做不同癌症的多項專科化驗。

因此,英國國家醫療服務體系英格蘭分部先開始採用一項由丹麥開發的體制,引入了十個專科快速診斷和評估中心。他們的目標是在28天內,能給每個病人確診或完全解除“警報”。

1. 詞彙表

survival rates 存活率,生存率
displaying 表現(症狀)
obvious signs 明顯跡象
access 獲取、得到
vague 模糊的,不明確的
non-specific 非特定的
unexplained 原因不明的
weight loss 體重下降
abdominal pain 腹痛
referred 被轉診
diagnostic 用於診斷的
assessment centres 評估中心
the all-clear 解除警報

2.
閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題 。

1. Which country first developed the ‘one-stop shop’ approach?

2. What is the aim of the diagnostic and assessment centres?

3. True or false? Patients with vague, non-specific symptoms can access quickly the help they need.

4. Which word in the text is a synonym of ‘quick’?

3.
答案

1. Which country first developed the ‘one-stop shop’ approach?
The country that first developed the approach is Denmark.

2. What is the aim of the diagnostic and assessment centres?
The aim is that every patient is either diagnosed or given the all-clear within 28 days.

3. True or false? Patients with vague, non-specific symptoms can access quickly the help they need.
False. According to the text, Patients who aren’t displaying very obvious signs of the illness sometimes struggle to access quickly the help they need.

4. Which word in the text is a synonym of ‘quick’?
Rapid.

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