Pompeii: Archaeologists unveil ceremonial chariot discovery 龐貝古城附近出土古羅馬禮儀馬車

653

意大利考古學家在古羅馬城市龐貝附近發掘出了一架禮儀馬車。這架四輪馬車是在一個馬廄附近發現的,早在2018年,人們就曾在這個馬廄裡發掘出三匹馬的遺骸。

Ancient Romans liked a celebration. And much like royals in the modern United Kingdom augment grand events with processional carriages, well-to-do citizens of first century Pompeii were no different.

古羅馬人喜歡慶祝活動。就像現代英國王室會用列隊馬車來增加盛大活動的排場一樣,一世紀龐貝古城的富裕的市民們也不例外。

The discovery of such a vehicle – four-wheeled with iron components and beautiful bronze and tin decorations – is being described as extraordinary for the advancement of our knowledge of the ancient world.

這架四輪馬車車身由鐵製部件與漂亮的青銅和錫製裝飾構成。人們稱該馬車的發現在促進我們對古代世界的認知方面意義非凡。

Researchers believe it’s what some sources refer to as the Pilentum, far from an everyday chariot, but one used exclusively for festivals and parades.

研究人員們認為,這架馬車就是一些資料中提到的名為 「Pilentum」 的古羅馬禮儀馬車,它與日常用的馬車很不一樣,專用於節日慶祝和巡遊活動。

詞彙表

celebration 慶祝活動
augment 加強,增大
grand 盛大的
processional 列隊行進的
carriages (舊時的)四輪馬車
well-to-do 富裕的,富有的
four-wheeled 四輪的
components 部件,構件
decorations 裝飾
advancement 促進,發展
chariot (舊時用於戰鬥或比賽的)馬車

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. True or false? The average citizens of first century Pompeii used processional carriages for grand events.

2. How many wheels does the vehicle have?

3. What is the discovery of this carriage being described as?

4. What do researchers think this vehicle was used for?

答案

1. True or false? The average citizens of first century Pompeii used processional carriages for grand events.
False. Well-to-do (‘rich’) citizens of first century Pompeii augmented grand events with processional carriages.

2. How many wheels does the vehicle have?
It has four wheels. 

3. What is the discovery of this carriage being described as?
The discovery of such a vehicle is being described as extraordinary for the advancement of our knowledge of the ancient world.

4. What do researchers think this vehicle was used for?
Researchers believe it was used exclusively for festivals and parades.