Rare birds are returning to Wales 稀有鳥類回歸威爾士

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英國威爾士一些最稀有的鳥類重新回歸,保護人士指出,這歸功於在斯諾登尼亞開展的對抗氣候變化和洪水的工作。

Wales hosts 4% of the world’s blanket bog habitat, which is seen as important in the fight against climate change because it’s very effective at storing carbon dioxide.

威爾士擁有全球4%的覆被泥炭沼澤棲息地,由於它在存儲二氧化碳方面非常有效,因此被視為是抗擊氣候變化的重要一環。

But many of these peatland landscapes are in poor condition after being drained and dug up.

但是這些泥炭地中有很多因為被排干和挖起而現狀不佳。

A pilot project near Ysbyty Ifan in Conwy saw local tenant farmers block old drainage ditches and gulleys to bring back boggy conditions. Four years on and some of Wales’s rarest birds, curlews, and golden plovers, have returned to the site.

一個測試項目正在威爾士康威的伊斯比蒂伊凡村附近展開,當地的佃農把舊的引水渠道和沖溝堵住,從而恢復沼澤地原來的環境。測試項目實行至今已有四年,威爾士一些最稀有的鳥類品種,比如杓鷸和歐金鴴,紛紛返回這些沼澤地。

And now, conservation groups want more funding for this type of work made available as part of a big overhaul of farm subsidies that’s currently underway.

現在,環境保護團體希望上述這類項目可獲得更多的運作資金,納入正在進行的農業補貼方案全面改革。

詞彙表

blanket bog 覆被泥炭沼澤
peatland 泥炭地
drained 被排干
tenant 租客 (本文 「tenant farmers」 特指 「佃農」,租地自行經營的農民)
ditches 溝渠
gulleys 沖溝,深溝
boggy 濕軟的,沼澤的
curlews 杓鷸
golden plovers 歐金鴴
overhaul 徹底檢查,全面整改
subsidies 津貼,補助

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. How much of the world’s blanket bog habitat is in Wales?

2. What is blanket bog habitat good at?

3. What originally caused damage to the blanket bog habitat?

4. What kinds of birds have returned to the habitat?

答案  

1. How much of the world’s blanket bog habitat is in Wales?
Wales hosts 4% of the world’s blanket bog habitat.

2. What is blanket bog habitat good at?
It is important in the fight against climate change because it’s very effective at storing carbon dioxide.

3. What originally caused damage to the blanket bog habitat?
Many of these peatland landscapes are in poor condition after being drained and dug up.

4. What kinds of birds have returned to the habitat?
Some of Wales’s rarest birds, curlews and golden plovers, have returned to the site.