Stonehenge builders’ diets 建造巨石陣的古人也吃甜食?

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英格蘭遺產委員會( English Heritage )發現,巨石陣當年的建造者吃過甜食,包括採來的水果和堅果。

Researchers already knew that the builders of the monument, which dates back to 2,500 BC, had eaten pork, beef and dairy.

巨石陣的歷史可追溯到公元前2500年,研究人員已知當時建造這處遺蹟的人吃過豬肉、牛肉和奶製品。

But this is the first time that excavations at Durrington Walls have shown that they also gathered and cooked hazelnuts and fruit, such as sloe berries and crab apples.

然而,德靈頓垣牆的挖掘工作第一次顯示,建造者還採集並烹製了榛子和黑刺李莓果、酸蘋果等水果。

Researchers believe that the charred plant remains suggest recipes may have been followed. They say treats, such as an early version of the mince pie, could have been cooked using a flat stone or ceramic pot, heated in the embers of a fire.

研究人員認為,燒焦的植物殘渣表明這些食物有可能是按照菜譜製作的。他們指出,建造者吃過一種聖誕百果餡餅的早期版本,這類甜食可能是用扁平的石頭或陶器在餘燼中加熱烤制而成的。

詞彙表

monument 歷史遺蹟
excavations 挖掘工作
hazelnuts 榛子
sloe berries 黑刺李莓果
crab apples 酸蘋果,沙果
charred 烤焦的
mince pie 聖誕百果餡餅
ceramic pot 陶器,陶碗
embers 余火,未燼的木塊

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. How old is Stonehenge?

2. True or false? Researchers recently learnt that the builders of Stonehenge had eaten pork, beef and dairy.

3. What did the latest excavations at Durrington Walls show for the first time that builders of Stonehenge had eaten?

4. How do they believe the treats were cooked?

答案  

1. How old is Stonehenge?
Stonehenge dates back to 2,500 BC.

2. True or false? Researchers recently learnt that the builders of Stonehenge had eaten pork, beef and dairy.
False. Researchers already knew that the builders of the monument had eaten pork, beef and dairy.

3. What did the latest excavations at Durrington Walls show for the first time that builders of Stonehenge had eaten?
Hazelnuts and fruit, such as sloe berries and crab apples.

4. How do they believe the treats were cooked?
They could have been cooked using a flat stone or ceramic pot, heated in the embers of a fire.