Tuna species on the rise but sharks and rays on the decline 自然報告:金槍魚部分品種數量回升,鯊魚和鰩數量下降

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根據 IUCN(世界自然保護聯盟)的一份最新報告,一度瀕臨滅絕的幾種金槍魚的數量開始回升。在法國馬賽召開的  IUCN  世界自然保護大會上,該組織更新了它們的 「瀕危物種紅色名錄」。

A decade ago, all seven types of tuna were deemed at serious risk of extinction. Thanks to strict fishing quotas, four species are now starting to bounce back in some parts of the oceans, including yellowfin, bluefin and albacore.

十年前,金槍魚的所有七個品種都被認為嚴重瀕臨滅絕。有賴於限制捕魚的配額制度,其中四個品種的數量在部分海洋區域開始出現回升,包括黃鰭金槍魚、藍鰭金槍魚和長鰭金槍魚。

The Global Director of the IUCN, Dr Jane Smart, says it’s a message that conservation can work. But other marine creatures such as sharks are moving ever closer to extinction. 37% of sharks and rays are now threatened from overfishing, climate change and pollution.

IUCN(世界自然保護聯盟)的全球主管簡‧斯馬特博士指出,這表明保護工作可以起作用。但與此同時,如鯊魚等其它一些海洋生物則正進一步走向滅絕。如今37% 的鯊魚和鰩受到過度捕撈、氣候變化和污染的威脅。

And on land the world’s largest lizard, the Komodo dragon, is in danger of extinction – with rising sea levels expected to shrink its habitat on a handful of Indonesian islands.

在陸地上,世界上體型最大的蜥蜴——科莫多巨蜥正面臨滅絕的危險,海平面的上升預計將縮小它們在印度尼西亞為數不多的島嶼上的棲息地範圍。

詞彙表

deemed 被認為
quotas 名額、配額
bounce back 回升,反彈
conservation 保護
overfishing 過度捕撈
Komodo dragon 科莫多巨蜥
handful 少數、少量

閱讀理解:請在讀完上文後,回答下列問題。

1. How many species of tuna now seem to be at less risk of extinction?

2. What other types of sea creatures are now threatened by overfishing?

3. What has helped to protect some species of tuna?

4. How are rising sea levels expected to affect the population of Komodo dragons?

答案  

1. How many species of tuna now seem to be at less risk of extinction?
Four species of tuna are now starting to bounce back.

2. What other types of sea creatures are now threatened by overfishing?
37% of sharks and rays are now threatened from overfishing, as well as climate change and pollution.

3. What has helped to protect some species of tuna?
Strict fishing quotas have allowed some tuna species to bounce back.

4. How are rising sea levels expected to affect the population of Komodo dragons?
The Komodo dragon is in danger of extinction because rising sea levels are expected to shrink its habitat on a handful of Indonesian islands.