Underwater clean-up 清理海底垃圾

Reducing plastic rubbish on Britain's beaches. Clean-up group gets busy in Cornwall.

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It’s no ordinary day at the beach. These divers are in Cornwall, southwest England, not for the fun but to pick up rubbish.

An estimated 70% of the plastic which enters the sea sinks, according to the organisation Dive Against Debris. And much of it is not biodegradable.

This is a problem that stretches far beyond the UK. Eight million tonnes of plastic ends up in the world’s oceans every year, causing damage to this fragile ecosystem.

詞彙

divers 潛水員

sinks 下沉

biodegradable 可生物分解的

stretches 延伸

ecosystem 生態系統

中文文字稿

這不是海濱的普通的一天。這些潛水員們來到了英格蘭西南部的康沃爾,目的不是遊玩享受,而是來收檢海底的垃圾。

據專門清理海底殘骸的潛水組織Dive Against Debris估計, 有70% 進入海裡的塑料物品都會下沉到海底。其中大部分都是不能生物分解的。

這個問題的存在遠遠超出了英國國界。每年飄落並沉積於世界各國海底的塑料垃圾高達八百萬噸,給這個脆弱的生態系統帶來破壞。

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divers / sinks / biodegradable / stretches / ecosystem 

1. The new regulations form part of Oxford City Council’s new street trading policy, approved by the council on Monday evening.

It insists that all packaging and utensils passed on to customers by street traders must be made of __________ or recyclable materials.

2. Although deserts and arid lands may seem to be barren places, they often support complex and fragile __________ in which mammals play a key role.

3. A submerged prehistoric forest, discovered 200 metres off the Norfolk Coast, is about 10,000 years old, according to geologists.

Discovered by __________, the forest is part of a prehistoric Doggerland which once spread all the way to Germany.

4. Six fishermen have been rescued after their boat collided with another vessel and __________ off the coast of County Down.

5. A state of emergency has been declared in southern California in the US after two oil slicks, ______ nine miles, formed off the coast.

答案

1. The new regulations form part of Oxford City Council’s new street trading policy, approved by the council on Monday evening.

It insists that all packaging and utensils passed on to customers by street traders must be made of biodegradable or recyclable materials.

2. Although deserts and arid lands may seem to be barren places, they often support complex and fragile ecosystems in which mammals play a key role.

3. A submerged prehistoric forest, discovered 200 metres off the Norfolk Coast, is about 10,000 years old, according to geologists.

Discovered by divers, the forest is part of a prehistoric Doggerland which once spread all the way to Germany.

4. Six fishermen have been rescued after their boat collided with another vessel and sank off the coast of County Down.

5. A state of emergency has been declared in southern California in the US after two oil slicks, stretching nine miles, formed off the coast.

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