Finding your doppelganger 尋找長相酷似你的那個人

738

單詞 “doppelganger” 指的是長得和你一模一樣的人,但這個人和你沒有血緣關系。找到長相酷似你的那個人的機會很小。你想和另一個 “你” 見面嗎?本文談論人們找到自己的 “doppelganger” 的概率。

詞匯:doppelganger 相貌極相似的人

What is the likelihood of you having someone who looks just like you? Would it be a good thing? And if you did have one, would you want to meet them?

Consider how often your facial features are used to identify you. Your passport, ID card and driving licence all bare your face. To enter your workplace, you likely need to be recognisable. You may need your face to unlock your smartphone and possibly even need it to exclude you from being present at a crime scene.

The word ‘doppelganger’ refers to a person who looks the same as you, essentially sharing your features; those that you thought were unique to you and your identity. Not an identical twin, as a doppelganger has no relation to you. The idea originated in German folklore. A doppelganger was said to be a spirit-double that replicated every human and beast on earth.

So, let’s get real. What are the chances of you having one in the first place? There’s said to be a one in 135 chance of an absolute dead ringer for you existing anywhere in the world, so the chances are pretty low, despite folk wisdom promising you otherwise. And the chances of meeting? The mathematical certainty of finding this particular person is supposedly less than one in a trillion!

That said, these statistics may be a good thing. Historically, having a double hasn’t always been a positive. Back in 1999, an innocent American man, indistinguishable from the real criminal, was sent to prison for robbery, where he stayed for 19 years. In the end, it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. In a different case, a woman in New York was accused of trying to poison her doppelganger with deadly cheesecake so that she could steal her identity!

And, why are people interested in finding their possible doppelganger anyway? It may be helpful to look to the past when facial resemblance indicated kinship.

Maybe one day you’ll meet your lookalike, but we understand that, after this, you possibly don’t want to!

詞匯表

facial features 臉部特徵
recognisable 可認出的
exclude 排除…,認為…不可能
unique 獨一無二的
identity 身份
identical twin 同卵雙胞胎
folklore 民間傳說
replicate 複製
a dead ringer 酷似…的人,相像之人/物
mathematical certainty 數學準確性
a double 一模一樣的人
indistinguishable 難以分辨的,無法識別的
mistaken identity 認錯人,身份錯認
resemblance 相似
kinship 親屬關係
lookalike 長得極像…的人

測驗與練習

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. What is the difference between a doppelganger and an identical twin?

2. True or false? There is a one in 135 chance that you will meet your doppelganger.

3. Why was an innocent American man sent to prison in 1999?

4. Who tried to steal her doppelganger’s identity and how?

5. What historical reason is given for people wanting to find their doppelganger?

2.  選擇意思恰當的單字或詞組來完成下列句子。

1. Oh, no! They’re wearing _______ outfits!

identical                    recognisable                 unique            indistinguishable

2. Teenagers often _______ celebrities they admire.

exclude                     poison                           steal               replicate

3. The police pulled him over but it was a case of _______.

folklore                      mistaken identity           double            lookalike

4. The new kitchen has loads of modern _______.

resemblance             identity                           chances          features

5. That woman is a _______ for your sister!

identical twin             dead ringer                     lookalike         resemblance

答案

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. What is the difference between a doppelganger and an identical twin?
A doppelganger is not related to you.

2. True or false? There is a one in 135 chance that you will meet your doppelganger.
False. The chance of meeting your doppelganger is less than 1 in a trillion.

3. Why was an innocent American man sent to prison in 1999?
Mistaken identity. The innocent man looked the same as the real criminal.

4. Who tried to steal her doppelganger’s identity and how?
A woman in New York. She tried to poison her doppelganger with deadly cheesecake.

5. What historical reason is given for people wanting to find their doppelganger?
In the past, facial resemblance indicated kinship.

2.  選擇意思恰當的單字或詞組來完成下列句子。

1. Oh, no! They’re wearing identical outfits!

2. Teenagers often replicate celebrities they admire.

3. The police pulled him over but it was a case of mistaken identity.

4. The new kitchen has loads of modern features.

5. That woman is a dead ringer for your sister!