Smartphone addiction 手機成癮

205

你每天看多少次手機?你覺得你看手機上癮了嗎?本期 “隨身英語” 討論我們對這個無處不在的小玩意的痴迷,以及它對我們的身體健康可能帶來的損害。

詞彙:addiction 上癮

How would you survive without your smartphone? For many of us, it’s the gadget we’re most hooked on – looking at it hundreds of times a day. We depend on it to perform a multitude of tasks and to connect with our friends and family. But have we become addicted to our phones?

Certainly, the inventor of the first mobile phone, American engineer Martin Cooper, thinks we might be. In a BBC interview, he suggested people should stop scrolling and “get a life”. But of course, once we start doom scrolling or watching videos, we just can’t kick the habit. Psychologist and author Jean Twenge says we’re all guilty of “compulsively checking [our] phone if [we’re] waiting for a text or getting really into social media then kind of, looking up and realising that an hour has passed.” There’s even a word – a phubber – to describe a person who ignores the real people around them because they are concentrating on their phones.

But does it matter if we make the most of this technology? Possibly, because like a drug, the problem arises when it is withdrawn. A study from King’s College London found young people they studied couldn’t control the amount of time they spend on their phone. Such addictive behaviour means that people become ‘panicky’ or ‘upset’ if they are denied constant access, which can cause anxiety and mental health issues.

Interestingly, another study by the London School of Economics and Political Science suggests we don’t just look at our phones because we are prompted to by a text or email. The people they studied felt automatically urged to interact with their phone, just as a smoker would light a cigarette. Prof Saadi Lahlou, co-author of the study, told the BBC: “We must learn tricks to avoid the temptation when we want to concentrate or have good social relations.”

One solution could be an app that rewards students for time spent away from their phones. Another option is converting your smartphone to a dumbphone that has none of the intoxicating distractions on it. But mainly, perhaps, we just need to look up more and reconnect with the real world!

詞彙表

hooked 入迷的,上癮的
depend on 需要,依賴
addicted 上癮的,入迷的
get a life 做點有意思的事情
doom scrolling 陰暗滑螢幕
kick the habit 戒除惡習
compulsively 強迫地
phubber “低頭族”,只顧看手機而忽視身邊的人
withdraw 收回
addictive 使人上癮的,使人入迷的
panicky 恐慌的
anxiety 焦慮
urge 衝動,強烈的慾望
temptation 引誘,誘惑
intoxicating 使人興奮的

測驗與練習

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. Who thinks we should put our phones down and ‘get a life’?

2. In a study on smartphone use, what caused people to panic and get upset?

3. True or false? We only look at our smartphones when we are prompted to do so.

4. How does one app that’s been invented encourage students to use their phone less?

5. According to Prof Saadi Lahlou, what does avoiding the temptation of looking at our smartphones allow us to do?

2.  選擇意思恰當的單字或片語來完成下列句子。

1. Since I’ve broken my arm, I’ve had to _______ my wife to do all the cooking.

depending on               depend in                         depend on                depends on

2. Due to cutbacks, the bus service to the shopping centre has been _______.

addicted                        withdrawn                        urged                        hooked

3. Because of the heatwave, everyone in the office felt _______ to drink lots of water.

compulsively                 urged                               intoxicating                phubber

4. I’ve tried to quit smoking but I just can’t _______.

kicked the habit             kick a habit                      kick habits                 kick the habit

5. I’m _______ on this new TV series – it’s so good I’ve watched every episode!

hooked                          tempted                           addictive                    panicky

答案

1. 閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. Who thinks we should put our phones down and ‘get a life’?
American engineer Martin Cooper suggested people should stop scrolling and “get a life”.

2. In a study on smartphone use, what caused people to panic and get upset?
People in the study become ‘panicky’ or ‘upset’ if they were denied constant access to their smartphones.

3. True or false? We only look at our smartphones when we are prompted to do so.
False. People in one study felt automatically urged to interact with their phone.

4. How does one app that’s been invented encourage students to use their phone less?
The app rewards students for time spent away from their phones.

5. According to Prof Saadi Lahlou, what does avoiding the temptation of looking at our smartphones allow us to do?
He says avoiding the temptation allows us to concentrate or have good social relations.

2.  選擇意思恰當的單字或片語來完成下列句子。

1. Since I’ve broken my arm, I’ve had to depend on my wife to do all the cooking.

2. Due to cutbacks, the bus service to the shopping centre has been withdrawn.

3. Because of the heatwave, everyone in the office felt urged to drink lots of water.

4. I’ve tried to quit smoking but I just can’t kick the habit.

5. I’m hooked on this new TV series – it’s so good I’ve watched every episode!