Stay-at-home fathers 「全職奶爸」 不再是非主流

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為人父母並不容易,有些家長選擇把小孩送到托兒所或請保姆照看,而另一些則在家全職帶孩子。「全職奶爸」 或許曾被視為另類,但如今這一身份開始被更多人接受。本期 「隨身英語」 節目圍繞為 「帶娃」 而選擇不上班的父親展開討論。

詞彙:parenthood 為人父母

There aren’t many parents who would say that raising children is easy. For many people, having children can force parents to choose between career and family. Sometimes it comes down to finances – sending a child to nursery or hiring a nanny can be a huge financial burden that is unsustainable, while others may feel it’s better to be a hands-on parent. These days, more and more men are choosing to stay at home to look after their offspring. So why are more dads opting to put their careers on hold, and what does the job entail?

With more women working outside the home than 70 years ago, if the need is there for one parent to stay at home, it could simply come down to who earns more – the biggest breadwinner. And with attitudes changing towards a man’s role in the family, it seems to be easier for them to enter full-time parenthood. Sadly, though, many men still face stigmas by choosing to raise their child. A 2013 study in the US by the Pews Research Center found that 51% of people thought children were better off if a mother is home and doesn’t have a job, while 8% say the same about a father. But what do parents have to do when they choose to stay with their kids?

In the early stages, a baby is totally dependent on a carer. The changing of nappies, burping after milk and making sure they feed on time are just some of the vital 24-7 activities an infant relies on. During this period, many parents take paternity and maternity leave from work. But as a child gets older, it can become less about necessity and more about choice. Rather than opt for a creche, which can prove expensive, either parent may remain at home to educate, protect and play with their child to help them develop and grow.

It’s a difficult job, with a demanding boss, but it can also be incredibly rewarding for those willing to do it. And with attitudes changing towards who should stay at home, maybe more and more fathers will choose to become stay-at-home dads.

詞彙表

raise 養育
nursery 托兒所
nanny 保姆
burden 負擔
hands-on 事事參與,親力親為
look after 照顧,照料
offspring 子女
dad 爸爸
breadwinner 掙錢養家餬口的人
parenthood 為人父母
carer 護工,護理員
nappy 尿布
burp 拍嗝
feed 吃奶,吃東西
infant 嬰兒
paternity leave (父親)陪產假
maternity leave 產假
creche 日托中心

測驗與練習

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. What things are mentioned that may force parents to choose between career and family?

2. True or False? There were fewer women working outside of the home 70 years ago than there are now.

3. According to a 2013 study in the US by the Pews Research Center, what percentage of people thought children were better at home with their mothers?

4. According to a 2013 study in the US by the Pews Research Center, what percentage of people thought children were better at home with their fathers?

5. What are some of the vital activities mentioned that an infant relies on?

2. 選擇意思恰當的單詞或詞組來完成下列句子。

1. I decided to stay at home and look _______ my children full-time.

after                               for                                  down                          before

2. He’s really a _______-on dad. He never stops!

feet                                head                               hands                         toe

3. He decided to take _______ leave to stay with the baby.

burden                           paternity                          burp                           feed

4. The cost of a _______ was too high, so I decided to stay at home.

nursery                          maternity                         burp                            breadwinner

5. I think our son has a dirty _______. It’s your turn to change it.

offspring                        infant                               nappy                          hands

答案

1. 閱讀課文並回答問題。 

1. What things are mentioned that may force parents to choose between career and family?
Sometimes it comes down to finances, while others may feel it’s better to be a hands-on parent.

2. True or False? There were fewer women working outside of the home 70 years ago than there are now.
True. More women are working outside the home than 70 years ago.

3. According to a 2013 study in the US by the Pews Research Center, what percentage of people thought children were better at home with their mothers?
51% of people surveyed thought children were better off if a mother is home and doesn’t have a job.

4. According to a 2013 study in the US by the Pews Research Center, what percentage of people thought children were better at home with their fathers?
8% of people surveyed thought children were better off if a father is home and doesn’t have a job.

5. What are some of the vital activities mentioned that an infant relies on?
The changing of nappies, burping after milk and making sure they feed on time are just some of the vital 24-7 activities an infant relies on.

2.  選擇意思恰當的單詞或詞組來完成下列句子。

1. I decided to stay at home and look after my children full-time.

2. He’s really a hands-on dad. He never stops!

3. He decided to take paternity leave to stay with the baby.

4. The cost of a nursery was too high, so I decided to stay at home.

5. I think our son has a dirty nappy. It’s your turn to change it.