Think positive! 積極樂觀地考慮問題

332

美國的一項研究發現,如果你想長壽,想活得快活,那麼你需要積極樂觀的生活態度!但是積極的心態並不總是與生俱來的。「隨身英語」 提供一些關於如何改變思維定勢,去思考生活中美好事物的建議。

Vocabulary: mental health 詞彙:心理健康

How are you feeling today? If your head’s in a spin because you’ve had a bad night’s sleep, or you’re hungover, or maybe you’ve just got too much to do, the chances are you’re not in the best of moods. If everything seems like an effort and you have a negative attitude, the last thing you want to be told it to 『be positive!』 But having this mindset could have more benefits than you think.

Of course, developing a positive attitude is easier said than done – it doesn’t come naturally to everyone. When you’re feeling down in the dumps, it is hard to be optimistic. But a study in the US has found that people who are optimists are more likely to live longer than those who have a more negative approach to life. It revealed the likelihood of positive people living to the age of 85 or more to be higher. So, maybe the thought of a longer life might encourage you to have a more hopeful outlook on life.

The study concluded that optimists may find it easier to control emotions and get less stressed. And as stress impacts on the immune system, it’s possible that optimists cope better with infections. Professor Lewina Lee from Boston University School of Medicine, who worked on the study, told the BBC that: “Our findings speak to the possibility that raising levels of optimism may promote longevity and healthy ageing.” And she advises that pessimists could benefit from doing things like imagining a future where everything turns out well.

But if you’re a 『glass half empty』 type of person, could seeing the world through rose-tinted glasses work for you? Accepting that we all have problems and that we’re not all the same helps us to get a grip on our emotions. Some people say it’s best to celebrate the positives and not dwell on the negative parts of our lives.

People have being giving the BBC their personal advice on keeping a healthy and positive approach to life: Vicki Siska says “Music feeds my soul, a sense of humour keeps things in perspective, and I have good friends who love and care for me.” And Pippa Kennedy says “being grateful for what you have – and lots of chocolate – helps!” The saying goes that 『a healthy body leads a healthy mind’ which is probably why other people have recommended doing yoga and meditation as well as staying fit and healthy to help maintain a positive outlook on life.

詞彙表

head’s in a spin 暈頭轉向
negative attitude 消極態度
mindset 思維模式
come naturally 天生的,自然得來
down in the dumps 情緒低落,心情鬱悶
optimistic 樂觀的
optimist 樂觀的人,樂天派
outlook 人生觀
emotion 情緒
longevity 長壽
pessimist 悲觀主義者
glass half empty 水杯一半是空的(指看事物或問題時看到更多壞的一面的人)
rose-tinted glasses 「玫瑰色的眼鏡」,只看到事物好的方面
get a grip 控制,掌控
positives 正面的事物
sense of humour 幽默感
in perspective 正確地看待……
yoga 瑜伽
meditation 冥思

測驗與練習

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。

1. According to a study, what is the benefit of having a positive attitude?

2. Why might an optimistic person get less stressed?

3. According to the study, who should start imagining a future that turns out well?

4. True or false? A 『glass half full’ type of person tends to focus on celebrating the positive things in life.

5. Why might jogging regularly help you maintain a positive outlook on life?

2. 請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思恰當的單詞填入句子中的空格處。

1. Learning English doesn’t _______ to me – that’s why I’ve been going to evening classes to learn it for years!

get a grip                        come naturally                mindset                     negative attitude

2. I want a long and happy retirement so I’m giving up smoking in attempt to improve my health and _______.

longevity                         outlook                           emotions                    rose-tinted glasses

3. I’m feeling very _______ after my girlfriend split up with me and I lost my job.

down on the dumps       down in the dumped      down in the dumps      down at the dump

4. Keep things in _______ – you didn’t get the exam grades you were expecting but you got enough to earn a place at university!

optimistic                       outlook                          meditation                    perspective

5. Mr brother has a _______ attitude – he always thinks his friends are more successful than he is!

glass half full                 glass half empty             full glass half               glass half emptying

答案

1.  閱讀課文並回答問題。  

1. According to a study, what is the benefit of having a positive attitude?
A study in the US has found that people who are optimists are more likely to live longer than those who have a more negative approach to life.

2. Why might an optimistic person get less stressed?
The study concluded that optimists may find it easier to control emotions and get less stressed.

3. According to the study, who should start imagining a future that turns out well?
One of the study’s conclusions was that pessimists could benefit from doing things like imagining a future where everything turns out well.

4. True or false? A 『glass half full’ type of person tends to focus on celebrating the positive things in life.
True. Someone with a glass half FULL is an optimist and more likely to celebrate the positive things in life.

5. Why might jogging regularly help you maintain a positive outlook on life?
Some people say that 『a healthy body leads a healthy mind’ so staying fit by jogging, for example, helps you maintain a positive mind set.

2. 請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思恰當的單詞填入句子中的空格處。

1. Learning English doesn’t come naturally to me – that’s why I’ve been going to evening classes to learn it for years!

2. I want a long and happy retirement so I’m giving up smoking in attempt to improve my health and longevity.

3. I’m feeling very down in the dumps after my girlfriend split up with me and I lost my job.

4. Keep things in perspective – you didn’t get the exam grades you were expecting but you got enough to earn a place at university!

5. Mr brother has a glass half empty attitude – he always thinks his friends are more successful than he is!